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Title of article The Effect of Flaxseed Flour on the Rheological Properties of Dough Made of Flaxseed and Wheat Flour and Bread Quality

Koneva S., Associate Professor of the Department of Technology of Storage and Grain Processing, Polzunov Altai State Technical University, docent, candidate of technical sciences , Polzunov Altai State Technical University ,

Egorova E., Professor of the Department of Technology of Storage and Grain Processing, Polzunov Altai State Technical University, docent, doctor of technical sciences , Polzunov Altai State Technical University ,

Kozubaeva L., Associate Professor of the Department of Technology of Storage and Grain Processing, Polzunov Altai State Technical University, docent, candidate of technical sciences , Polzunov Altai State Technical University ,

Reznichenko I., Head of the Departmen of Quality Management, Kemerovo State University, professor, doctor of technical sciences , Kemerovo State University ,

Year 2019 Issue 1 UDC 664.6(0.45)
DOI 10.21603/2074-9414-2019-1-85-96
Annotation Flax seeds are a valuable source of several active components and can be used for controlled modeling of bakery food value. The study featured flour mixes of first grade wheat flour and flaxseed flour (flax meal) in the ratio 92.5%:7.5%; 90.0%:10.0%, and 87.5%:12.5%. The rheological properties of the dough were studied using the Mixolab (Chopin Technologies, France). The laboratory was located at the Polzunov Altai State Technical University (Barnaul, Russia). The mixolabogram and radial diagram were used to define the differences in the parameters of the rheological profile of the 4 flour samples. With the increase of flaxseed flour in the composition, the mixing time increased from 5.58 to 5.77 minutes, and the stable state of the dough became longer: from 9.25 to 9.67 minutes. The water ab-sorption capacity of flour mixes directly depended on the dosage of flax flour and increased from 69.4 to 72.9%. However, viscosity, amylolytic activity, and retrogradation revealed inversed dependence on the dosage of flax flour. The moisture content of the dough increased from 47.0 to 50.0% and the initial acidity of the dough increased from 2.5 to 3.5 degree with the increasing dosage of flax flour, which changed the dynamics of acidification during fermentation. This resulted in a more rapid maturation of dough and reduced the total fermentation period from 90 to 60 minutes. Thus, the flax flour mixes can be characterized as «fillers» that produce bread of reduced volume. The authors state the optimal dosage of flax flour as 7.5–10.0% and propose various modes of the technological process for obtaining bread with good consumer properties.
Keywords Bread, flaxseed flour (flax meal), flour mixes, dough, biochemical properties of flour mixes, rheological properties of dough, bread quality
Artice information Received January 10, 2019
Accepted March 21, 2019
Available online June 3, 2019
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