ISSN 2074-9414 (Print),
ISSN 2313-1748 (Online)

Temperature Changes in Meat Products Fried in Steam-Convection Oven

Combination steam ovens, or combi steamers, have entered all spheres of food production, including the meat industry. Their rational use requires a scientific and practical foundation. This research featured the changes in mean volume temperature and temperature gradient that occur in meat products (one-dimensional bodies with different nutrient compositions) during heat treatment in dry air and a steam-air mix.
The research involved two samples of meat products with different moisture and fat contents. The chicken fillet sample had a moisture content of 74.5% and a fat content of 1.9% while the pork shoulder sample had a moisture content of 55.1% and a fat content of 29.4%. Shaped as a one-dimensional cylinder and a plate, the samples were subjected to heating at the temperature range of 160–240°C in a Unox-203G steam-convection oven (Italy). Dry air and a steam-air mix with a humidity of 80–85% served as a heating medium. The temperature was measured using thermocouples attached to a Sosna-004 meter.
The research revealed some patterns in the mean volume temperature and temperature gradient. The temperature gradient involved three stages during processing in a steam-air mix and four stages when treated with dry air. The change in the mean volume temperature for the steam-air mix could be described by a power law equation; the dry air treatment was described using a linear equation. When heated in dry air, the rate of change in the temperature gradient was constant at first but started to decrease at a certain stage. The change rate in the mean volume temperature remained low for 5 min and started to increase onwards, maintaining its value until the end of the process. When heated in a steam-air mix, the change rate in the temperature gradient dropped to its minimum in 4–5 min and started to grow. The mean volume temperature demonstrated a high change rate during the first 5 min and went down. The chicken fillet with its low fat content warmed up faster by 13–26% when processed in a steam-air mix and by 9–23% when treated in dry air. The plate-shaped products needed longer heat treatment. The composition and form had no significant effect on the nature of the change in the temperature gradient and mean volume temperature.
The obtained dependencies made it possible to select the optimal temperature and humidity conditions for convective frying of meat products.
Meat products, combi oven, heat treatment, thermometric indicators, temperature gradient, average volume temperature, dry air, steam-air mixture, one-dimensional body
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How to quote?
Smagina MN, Smagin DA. Temperature Changes in Meat Products Fried in Steam-Convection Oven. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2024;54(1):156–166. (In Russ.).
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