ISSN 2074-9414 (Print),
ISSN 2313-1748 (Online)

Micro-Ingredient Markets and Their Impact on the Sustainability of Food Systems

Commercial micro-ingredients of certain types are a gap in the Russian food industry. This article describes the Russian market for micro-ingredients, their impact on the sustainability of domestic food systems, and state support prospects.
The study featured the development of micro-ingredient markets in the context of sustainable food systems. It relied on the theory of world-system analysis, as well as on the methods of comparative and statistical analyses. The materials were obtained from the Federal State Statistics Service, the Federal Customs Service, the Russian Export Center, and various rating and information agencies, including publically available data from the UN, the FAO, and the Union of Food Ingredients Producers.
The authors assessed the impact of micro-ingredient markets on the sustainability of food systems and the effect of global and domestic market trends on the demand and supply of micro-ingredients. When strategizing state support for domestic producers of micro-ingredients, government should proceed from the availability of raw materials and competition. The article introduces a comparative analysis of the Russian market of flavoring agents, which includes both foreign and domestic producers, and the Russian market of citric acid, represented solely by Chinese companies. In the first case, the government should support the existing domestic producers and strengthen their positions in the Russian markets, with prospects for foreign market penetration. In the second case, the Russian food industry has to launch domestic products able to occupy the Russian market and defeat the powerful foreign competitors that are ready to use dumping. The analysis also revealed the main directions of state support for the domestic production of competitive micro-ingredients and their components.
The results can be used to strategize state support measures for the domestic micro-ingredients in order to improve food security and the stability of the Russian food system to external shocks.
Food security, food system, food industry, micro-ingredients, resource base, market, demand, supply, price
All the authors contributed equally to the study and bear equal responsibility for information published in this article.
  1. Nutrition and food systems. A report by the high level panel of expertson food security and nutrition. September 2017 [Internet]. [cited 2022 Oct 30]. Available from:
  2. Zavriev SK, Ignatov AN. Potential threats in agriculture and food security area. World Economy and International Relations. 2020;64(7):100–107. (In Russ.).
  3. Kazantseva EG, Lyamkin II. The impact of value chains on food security. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2022;52(2):282–295. (In Russ.).
  4. Charykova OG, Otinova ME, Tiutiunikov AA. Key directions of agricultural export development in Russian regions. Economy of Regions. 2022;18(1):193–207. (In Russ.).
  5. Neganova VP, Chistyakov YuF. Development of agricultural foreign trade in the post-soviet countries. Economy of Regions. 2020;16(2):597–611. (In Russ.).
  6. Dagli W. “Central” and “peripheral” adaptation pathways of entangled agrifood systems transformations. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 2022;6.
  7. Kemmerling B, Schetter C, Wirkus L. The logics of war and food (in)security. Global Food Security. 2022;33.
  8. Malorgio G, Marangon F. Agricultural business economics: The challenge of sustainability. Agricultural and Food Economics. 2021;9(6).
  9. Kopein VV. Economic and food security: New reality of import substitution. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2016;40(1):126–134. (In Russ.).
  10. Nechaev AP, Kraus SV, Nikiforova TA, Savenkova TV, Semyonova PA. Development of food ingredients production in Russia: Realities and prospects. Food Industry. 2016;(6):64–68. (In Russ.).
  11. Egorov EA, Kuizheva SK, Lisovaya EV, Viktorova EP. The current state and prospects for the development of food production and food additives in the Russian Federation. New Technologies. 2022;18(2):53–61. (In Russ.).
  12. Khan K, Su C-W, Khurshid A, Umar M. Are there bubbles in the vanilla price? Agricultural and Food Economics. 2022;10(6).
  13. Osokina NV, Kazantseva EG. Strengthening of the economic power of the dominating entities in the food industry. Foods and Raw Materials. 2016;4(2):190–200.
  14. In brief to the state of food security and nutrition in the world 2022. Repurposing food and agricultural policies to make healthy diets more affordable. Rome: FAO; 36 p.
  15. Global food crisis [Internet]. [cited 2022 Nov 01]. Available from:
  16. Global Food Security Index 2022. [Internet]. [cited 2022 Nov 05]. Available from:
  17. Gromov DA, Borisova AV, Bakharev VV. Food allergens and methods for producing hypoallergenic foods. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2021;51(2):232–247. (In Russ.).
  18. Reznichenko IYu, Shcheglov MS. Sugar substitutes and sweeteners in confectionery technology. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2020;50(4):576–587. (In Russ.).
  19. Kostina NG, Podlegaeva TV, Sergeeva IYu. Extraction of plant pigments from local raw materials. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2019;49(4):522–530. (In Russ.).
  20. FAO Food Price Index [Internet]. [cited 2022 Nov 20]. Available from:
  21. Vanillin market: growth, trends, COVID-19 impact, and forecasts (2021–2026) [Internet]. [cited 2022 Nov 15]. Available from:
  22. Lyabin MP, Postnova MV, Bolkunov AI. Comparative analysis of the market of food supplements in Russia, USA and China. Natural Systems and Resources. 2019;9(1):11–20. (In Russ.).
  23. SPARK-Interfax [Internet]. [cited 2022 Nov 08]. Available from:
  24. Fifty largest foreign companies in Russia in 2022. Forbes rating [Internet]. [cited 2022 Nov 20]. Available from:
  25. Assis MTQ, Lucas MR, Rainho MJM. A meta analysis on the trust in agrifood supply chains. Food Frontiers. 2022;3(3):413–427.
  26. Flavors and fragrances market: Global industry trends, share, size, growth, opportunity and forecast 2022–2027 [Internet]. [cited 2022 Nov 01]. Available from:
How to quote?
Kazantseva EG, Lyamkin II. Micro-Ingredient Markets and Their Impact on the Sustainability of Food Systems. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2023;53(1):202–216. (In Russ.). 
About journal